Conditions We Treat

On-Site Vision Care Services –

Convenient. Competent. Caring.

Color Blindness

Color deficiency is an optical condition in which affected people have difficulty identifying colors or differences between colors. There are approximately 3.5 million people afflicted with color deficiency in the United States. Ten percent of males and 0.6 to 0.8 percent of women are color deficient.

We now have a new technology, using specially tinted glasses or contact lenses, that affords people the ability to see and enjoy colors.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina. You may not notice any changes at first, but symptoms can include:

  • Blurry or double vision
  • Rings, flashing lights or blank spots
  • Dark or floating spots
  • Pain or pressure in one or both of your eyes
  • Trouble seeing things out of the corners of your eyes

Treatment options include special glasses and low vision aids.

Frequent Falls with Balance Instability

The changes that occur with aging can lead to problems with mobility (ability to move around), such as unsteadiness while walking, difficulty getting in and out of a chair, or falls. Muscle weakness, joint problems, pain, disease, and neurological (brain and nervous system) difficulties can all contribute to mobility problems. Sometimes several mild problems occur at one time and combine to seriously affect mobility.

The number one mobility problem that older people experience is falls. Falls result in broken bones, bruises, and fear of falling. If a hip is fractured, canes, walkers, or wheelchairs might be needed permanently. Falls are a major cause of injury and death, so prevention is important.

Treatment options include separate pairs of glasses for distant and near viewing tasks, prisms and vision rehabilitation therapy.

Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a medical condition, which usually affects older adults and results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the macula) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in “dry” and “wet” forms and is a major cause of blindness and visual impairment in older adults (>50 years). Macular degeneration can make it difficult or impossible to drive, read, recognize faces or participate in activities of daily life.

In the dry (nonexudative) form, cellular debris called drusen accumulate between the retina and the choroid, and the retina can become detached. In the wet (exudative) form, which is more severe, blood vessels grow up from the choroid behind the retina and the retina can also become detached.

Treatment options include special telescopic glasses invented by Dr. Politzer and other special glasses and low vision aids.

Meniere’s Disease

Meniere’s is an inner ear disorder. Patients with Meniere’s experience symptoms of vertigo and dizziness, often described as a spinning or whirling feeling which may cause problems with balance (feeling unstable while walking). Dizziness, or lightheadedness, is not the same as vertigo, which is more severe. Vertigo is the most debilitating symptom of Meniere’s disease, as it forces the sufferer to lie down. Vertigo attacks often come with little or no warning and can lead to severe nausea, vomiting, and sweating. Tinnitus, (a ringing or a roaring sound in the ear), is another symptom of Meniere’s which causes great frustration. The patient often cannot hear above the internal noise and therefore gets left out of conversations and activities.

Treatment options include special prism glasses and vision rehabilitation therapy.

Mobility and Gait Disturbances

The gait changes in older adults who walk with fear may be an appropriate response to unsteadiness and their inability to accurately judge space and distance, which is a consequence of normal aging.

Treatment options include separate glasses prescriptions for distant and near viewing tasks and vision rehabilitation therapy.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects women more than men. The disorder is most commonly diagnosed between age 20 and 40, but can be seen at any age.

MS is caused by damage to the myelin sheath, the protective covering that surrounds nerve cells. When this nerve covering is damaged, nerve impulses are slowed down or stopped.

The nerve damage is caused by inflammation. Inflammation occurs when the body’s own immune cells attack the nervous system. Repeated episodes of inflammation can occur along any area of the brain, optic nerve, and spinal cord.

Because nerves in any part of the brain or spinal cord may be damaged, patients with multiple sclerosis may experience blurred vision, light flashes and double vision.

Treatment options include special filter glasses, prism glasses and vision rehabilitation therapy.

Neurocognitive Disorders

At one time, all neurocognitive disorders were under the classification of dementia, because they involve similar cognitive impairments and decline. Although Alzheimer’s disease accounts for the majority of cases of neurocognitive disorders, there are actually a total of nine medical conditions that similarly affect memory, thinking, perception gait and balance and the ability to reason which affect a person’s function and safety and interfere with independence and quality of life.

Neurocognitive disorders are acquired conditions that represent underlying brain pathology that results in a decline in faculties; they are not developmental conditions. They are caused by brain damage in areas that affect learning and memory, planning and decision making, the ability to correctly use and understand language, hand-eye coordination, vision and the ability to act within social norms, such as dressing appropriately for the weather or occasion, showing empathy, and performing routine tasks. To be diagnosed as a neurocognitive disorder, the symptoms must be associated with a medical condition, not another mental health problem, and there can be no evidence of delirium, a separate, temporary disorder with similar symptoms.

These neurocognitive disorders are categorized and diagnosed as either mild or major in nature, depending on the severity of symptoms. Some, such as TBI and HIV, can typically affect younger as well as older people. Mild neurocognitive disorder is also called slight cognitive impairment, while major neurocognitive disorder is generally considered dementia.

Treatment options include multi-focal glasses with prisms and special tints and vision rehabilitation exercises.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) refers to a group of diseases which cause a slow but progressive loss of peripheral vision. In each of them there is a gradual loss of the light-sensitive retinal cells called rods and cones.

An estimated 200,000 people in the United States have some form of RP. Most forms of RP are inherited, though its signs do not necessarily appear in every generation. In some cases, RP may be associated with other health problems, such as hearing loss.

Treatment options include special bioptic telescopic glasses, designed by Dr. Politzer, to enhance and expand peripheral vision.

Stroke

Stroke (cerebral vascular accident) is a serious event that can create problems with normal brain functioning.

Eye and vision problems are fairly common after a stroke. Those affected, for instance, have trouble focusing their eyes when switching gaze between near and far objects. They may see double or be able to see objects or people on only one side of their body. They may also experience headaches or sensitivity to light, and words on a page may appear to move.

Treatment options include special sector prism glasses and vision rehabilitation therapy.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury is a serious event that can create problems with normal brain functioning.

Eye and vision problems are fairly common after a brain injury. Those affected may, for instance, have trouble focusing their eyes when switching gaze between near and far objects. They may see double or may feel nauseous or vomit when shifting gaze around. They may also experience headaches or sensitivity to light and words on a page may appear to move.

Treatment options include special prism glasses and vision rehabilitation therapy.